Dexmethylphenidate: The main active ingredient in Focalin XR. Dexmethylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant that is used in prescription drugs for ADHD and narcolepsy.
Dexmethylphenidate is designed to help people with ADD concentrate and avoid distraction. It is thought to help reduce the impulsiveness and frustration that can be symptoms of ADD, and can lead to feelings of euphoria and excitation.
It is not thought to be a nootropic in the most technical sense of the word, as it is not thought to directly improve mental functioning. Its stimulant qualities can have mental performance benefits in some individuals, however if a person is not fatigued or does not suffer from ADD then it is unlikely that a person will see significant benefits to their cognition.
It is possible that dexmethylphenidate can even have the opposite effect on people that do not have attention issues, making it harder for them to get and remain focused on specific tasks. It has not been shown to improve test taking abilities, problem solving skills, or reading and comprehension abilities in non-ADD individuals.
People that suffer from narcolepsy and chronic fatigue may see benefits from using dexmethylphenidate, which can provide a more effective and efficient option than over the counter stimulants. Their increases in thinking speed and attention are more related to the lack of detrimental effects from tiredness than to a mental performance boost from the dexmethylphenidate.
Dexmethylphenidate works by inhibiting the reuptake of catecholamine, allowing for easier transmission of dopamine and norepinepherin. These chemicals, which are key parts of proper neural functioning, can be released into extraneuronal space, which enhances their effectiveness.
Dexmethylphenidate is prescribed to both children and adults, however it is not available without a doctor’s indications. There are several reasons for this, including the fact that dexmethylphenidate can be habit-forming in some individuals, which necessitates monitoring and controlling its availability.
Other side effects that are related to dexmethylphenidate can potentially include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Heart palpitations and arrhythmia
- Unexplained wounds
- Rapid muscle breakdown
- Circulatory collapse
Individuals that have heart or blood pressure issues should not take dexmethylphenidate. It is a potent stimulant that can potentially lead to heart attack, stroke, and sudden death.
It is also not recommended for individuals with preexisting psychotic, schizophrenic, bipolar, or behavioral disorders. It has been shown to have the potential of worsening these issues and has led to incidents of aggressive behavior, hostility, and violence against others and themselves.